Ang Pambansang Ibon | Philippine Eagle
Philippine Eagle - National Bird of the Philippines

The Philippine eagle is one of the rarest eagles in the world.

The Philippine Eagle is a giant bird of prey that can only be seen in 4 islands in the Philippines- Luzon, Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao. It is considered to be one of the largest and most powerful among forest raptors. 

Quick facts about the Philippine eagles in the wild

  • Philippine Eagles are solitary and territorial creatures.
  • The Philippine Eagle pair needs about 4000-11000 hectares of forest land to thrive in the wild, depending on the number of prey items in the area.
  • They typically nest in large dipterocarp trees like the native species Lauan.
  • They can live up to 40+ years in captivity but probably much less in the wild
  • They take 5-7 years to sexually mature. 
  • It only lays a single egg every two years. They wait for their offspring to make it on their own (usually within two years) before producing another offspring.
  • The egg is incubated alternately by both eagle parents for about 58 – 60 days, with the male eagle doing most of the hunting during the first 40 days of the eaglet’s life while the female stays with the young.

The decline of the Philippine eagle

The Philippine Eagles in the wild are threatened daily by human activities.

SHOOTING

At least one Philippine Eagle is killed every year because of shooting. As more of our forest is lost, Philippine Eagles go farther and farther from their usual hunting grounds in search for preys to hunt. This usually brings them towards human settlements and their livestock, which often results to conflict-with the Philippine Eagle on the losing end.  

DEFORESTATION

The forest is the only home for the Great Philippine Eagle. It is where they obtain food, reproduce, and nourish their offspring. Unfortunately, illegal logging and irresponsible use of resources have resulted in the disappearance of their forest habitat that brings deathly consequences to the species.